Many Ukrainian cities now have monuments dedicated to various means of transportation, machinery or equipment. This is a way for the humanity to thank technology that helped people out whenever needed. Of course, there are numerous monuments like this in Kiev. One of them is monument to a JS (FDp) train.
This monument, which has been installed near the South railway station in Kiev, is the only exemplar of a pre-war soviet express locomotive FDp-578 (JS) that survived until nowadays.
At the time it was created, in 1932, this model of a trunk steam train JS (Joseph Stalin) was the most powerful example of a passenger train all around Europe. For its technical features and capabilities the FDp-578 (JS) train took home the most prestigious award – a Grand prix from an International exhibition in Paris, France. This train made history as the most powerful steam train ever created in Soviet Union. A special thing about this model is its significant unification with FD freight locomotives in many key details.
The first JS trains were assigned for service in long-distance passenger trains "Red Arrow" that traveled from Moscow to Leningrad. Later this model was also used in other important transportation directions: Moscow-Kursk, Kharkov-Sinelnikovo, as well as Moscow-Smolensk-Minsk and Kharkov-Mineralnye Vody.
During the World War II, which started in 1941, most of JS trains were relocated to eastern areas of Soviet Union. In early 1960s the trains were renamed into FDp – this happened as a result of debunking the cult of Joseph Stalin’s personality. At the same time the trains were renovated – they were rebuilt to work on electric and diesel traction. This event marked the decline of steam trains. In 1970s most of these trains were utilized.
The exemplar, which now stands on a pedestal at the entrance to Kiev locomotive depot, has been preserved due to the efforts of P. Krivonos, who used to be head of the South-Western railway.
Address of a monument to JS (FDp) train: Kiev, P. Krivonos square.