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The Bald Hill in Kiev

There are dozens of “bald hills” in the world, but the most famous among them is the Bald Hill that is located in Kiev. Long time ago the hill was used as a site for pagan ceremonies. The ancient wise men made the first underground routes into the Bald Hill.

The Bald Hill in Kiev

The followers of the Slavic religion also worshipped their gods on the hill. Slavic priests had kept various goods – for instance, books and gold – under the hill.

In the beginning of the XIX century the hill was owned by the Pechersky Monastery. People used to plant fields in the smooth grounds that were found under the hill.

Old picture of the hill

In 1872 the construction on the Bald Hill began under the administration of the famous fortifier E. Totleben, who intended to build a fort there. In 1875 the construction of the fort was completed.

After the construction the fort looked like a complicated collection of lunettes, ravelins, bastions and retrenchment. There were also barracks that housed the soldiers. Everyone who undisclosed the plan of the fort was sentenced to a imprisonment in Siberia or even worse punishment.

The landscape of the hill was majorly changed because the trenches had to be dug and shafts had to be dumped. The shafts hid the tunnels that the soldiers used for setting all kinds of defense mechanisms against the attackers. Even now we can see the writings on the wall of the tunnel that have been made at that time.

Mysterious sculptures on the hill

In 1905 after the revolution the fort on the Bald Hill was used to execute the convicts. In this exact place Dmitry Bogrov, the man who killed the Prime Minister P. Stolypin, was hanged on September, 12, 1911.

In the mid-1930s the “Glavspetsstroy” organization has started the construction of a tank repairing plant. With underground tones the plant became a part of the famous "Stalin tonels" system. After the German troops occupied the city, they started to use the plant. They decided not to add any new tunnels as there was enough work to do. When German troops was leaveing the city they mined and flooded the plant. Soviet sappers after examination of the plant decided not to demine it. All entrances and exits to the underground tanks plant were concreted.


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