Nowadays Kiev is one of the greenest cities in the world. This honorary title was achieved due to beautiful greenery, wonderful parks and botanical gardens.
In Kiev there are two botanical gardens: National Botanic Garden of Nikolai Grishko of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Botanical Garden of Academician Alexander Fomin.
National Botanic Garden of Nikolai Grishko of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is a research institute that works on the design and creation of botanical gardens and many branches of botany. The main task of the Botanical Garden is conducting research on nature protection and conservation of the gene pool of plants.
Founded in 1918, the National Botanical Garden is one of the leading botanical gardens in Europe according to the variety of plants and spatial scales.
During the Great Patriotic War and the occupation of Kiev the extensive part of the collection of the Botanical Garden was destroyed, despite desperate attempts to save the particularly valuable specimens. At the end of the war there began the construction, there were organized the expedition to create new collections. In 1967 the National Botanic Garden awarded the status of research institute, and in 1964 it was officially opened to the public. The number of tourists. who annually visit the National Botanic Garden of Nikolai Grishko, exceeds 1 million.
Botanical Garden of Academician Alexander Fomin is located on the Leo Tolstoy Boulevard behind the main building of the Kiev National University named after T. G. Shevchenko. It is considered one of the oldest gardens in Ukraine. Its construction was conceived back in 1834, but due to lack of funds it was delayed until 1839.
Initially, there were plants of the Botanical Garden of Kremenets Lyceum and the plants grown from seeds brought from Russia and other countries. The garden had a large collection of tropical plants and the largest collection of cacti and succulent plants in the USSR.
During the German occupation the Botanical Garden was badly damaged, many plants died or were deported to Germany. However, in 1944, there began the works on its reconstruction. In the same year, the Botanical Garden was opened to the public and since then it attracts thousands of tourists every year. This Botanical Garden is one of the most popular destinations of Kiev citizens and guests.