If we compare Ukrainian cities by age, Kharkov will probably be near the end of the list. Nevertheless, even for the relatively short period of its existence, this city managed to expand so much that now it occupies the second spot in the biggest and most populated cities of Ukraine after Kiev. Moreover, Kharkov even got to be the capital of Ukraine at one point. Due to the exciting historic events Kharkov has now lots of fascinating sites.
One of such sites is the Cathedral of the assumption of the Virgin Mary in Kharkov. Its history started in the XIX century, when the old city church was completely reconstructed from its foundation that was almost falling apart. The builders have strengthened the foundation and added metal stripes to support the walls on top. However, already in 1882 the church council issued a proposition for a new church to be built in Kharkov.
The construction of the Cathedral of the assumption of the Virgin Mary in Kharkov went on for 5 years, from 1887 till 1892. The project was designed by the local engineer B. Mikhailovsky. Cathedral is an example of a Basilica, and has a high Gothic tower, completed with a spire and a round rose-window on the second floor. The construction did not follow the strict rules of the project created by Mikhailovsky. There were a few amendments, and the most important ones were made in autumn of 1886. These amendments ordered the cathedral vaults to be built of bricks and iron, and the sacristy and the chapel to be expanded. Moreover, two altars were to be constructed in the side parts of the cathedral. This project was approved in autumn of 1887.
One of the main features of the Cathedral of the assumption of the Virgin Mary in Kharkov is the organ, which was manufactured by Bavarian masters and placed in the cathedral in 1901.
In the earlier years there used to be a hospice, a parochial school, a shelter for orphans, and a cemetery chapel. In 1940 the city officials ordered to cathedral to be shut down. It wasn’t functioning until 1991. In the 1990s the service was renewed; by 2000 the cathedral was fully reconstructed, including the original interior.
Address of the Cathedral of the assumption of the Virgin Mary in Kharkov: Gogol street, 4.