Chersonesos Taurica (Khersones) is a city founded by Greek colonists, more than two and a half thousand years ago in south-western Crimea. At the moment, its ruins are among the most outstanding sights of Sevastopol.
The word "Chersonese" is usually translated from Greek as "Peninsula". The city was actually located on a small peninsula between two bays. This city-state had a long life - nearly two thousand years - and its history is connected with the history of ancient Greece, Rome and Byzantium.
The historical and archaeological reserve Chersonesos Taurica is known not only in Ukraine, but also far beyond. In 1996 the UNESCO included the Khersones in one hundred most outstanding monuments of world culture. City Chersonese was founded in the VI BC by Greek Doric settlers from the Pontic Heraclea - state, located on the southern shore of the Black Sea in Asia Minor, on the territory of contemporary Turkey.
On the territory of Chersonesos there had been found so many historical monuments, that they quickly formed a very interesting exposition – thus there were opened the archaeological museum. In 2002 it was 110 years old.
During the Soviet period the historical and archeological reserve Khersones has become one of the largest research centers, a base where the lead scientists and archaeologists around the world made the research work and the students have their practice. Systematic excavations have helped to reconstruct the history of the ancient city-state.
Museum-Reserve is very popular. Each year it is visited by tens of thousands of tourists. They are attracted by the collection of epigraphic monuments (including the world-famous oath of citizens in the Chersonese III. BC.), works of art, crafts and tools, household items, which were used by residents of Chersonese.
Tourists can learn the territory of the ancient city: walk along the main street, wander through the once-vibrant residential neighborhoods and areas, explore the ruins of the ancient theater, white marble columns of medieval churches, the remains of the magnificent fortifications - walls and towers. Tower Zeno is of greatest interest among the defensive towers. It has an important place in the defence of the city and therefore it was constantly reinforced and improved. It is the largest tower Chersonese. There were found painted gravestones, architectural details, which are still admired for its beauty.