Constitution Square in Kharkov is the central and the oldest square in the city, which was founded in 1659 simultaneously with the erection of the Kharkov prison.
The Constitution Square has changed a lot of names for more than 3 centuries of its existence: Fair Square since XVII to XIX century, Nicholas or Nikolskaya Square until January 1919 and from June until the end of 1919, the M.S. Teveleva Square from January to June 1919 and from 1920 to 1975, the Square of Soviet Ukraine from 1975 until the second half of 1990 and the Constitution Square from 1996.
The length of the constitution square is 550 m, its width varies from 45 to 120 m. The square is worldwide known not only for its historical value, but also because of the huge number of the attractions, located on it. Some of them have not survived to our days. So, walking through the square, you can enjoy views of the monument in honor of the proclamation of Soviet power in Ukraine - a monument to the Bolsheviks, nicknamed by the people “five carry refrigerator from the pawn shop”, opened on Nov. 4, 1975. Among the other attractions are Puppet Theatre, the dwelling house with a spire, Palace of Labor, the City Council, a favorite meeting place for Kharkov citizens - Thermometer hanging on the “House under thermometer”, and many other spectacular views.
However, in addition to the attractions, the Constitution Square is also interesting for some historical events. The first Pioneer Palace in the Soviet Union and in the world was opened in Kharkov on this square on Sept. 6, 1935. Here, in the same year there was carried out the first New Year Tree in the former Soviet Union, due to which there appeared the phrase that children are the only privileged class in the country.