Kharkov National Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named after N. Lysenko is the first Ukrainian steady-state opera house, where performances are put on the Ukrainian, Russian, French and Italian.
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The organization of the theater dates back to 1925 as the Ukrainian State Opera. Until 1934 there were put 11 ballets and 32 operas, including "Golden Hoop" by B. Liatoshynsky, "Taras Bulba" by N. Lysenko, "Mermaid" by Dargomyzhsky etc. Operas by Russian and world repertoire include: "Turandot" by G. Puccini, "The Madonna’s Necklace” by E. Wolf-Ferrari, etc. Now, the theater's repertoire includes about 50 operas and ballets, most of them belonging to the Ukrainian and Russian classics. Children's repertoire includes musical performances based on stories of famous fairy tales. Concert programs are held in the performance of opera and ballet scenes, and in May-June the annual theater festival of operatic bass is held.
The building of the Kharkov Opera and Ballet Theater was built in 1829 by the project of the unknown architect. In 1855 the building was purchased by entrepreneur Zarudnyy, who rebuilt it specifically for presentations. After the building was given to the property of the commercial club in 1884-1885 years, it has been completely renovated for the opera house.
In 1991, the Kharkov Opera and Ballet Theater moved into another building, located on the Sumskaya Street, and is a prominent representative of postmodern architecture and style. In 2007 there was carried out the complete reconstruction of fountains in front of the theater, and the area in front of the building was called "Fountain Square".