The date of foundation of the Kiev Subway is 1916. However the preliminary works began only in 1938 that had been temporarily suspended due to the beginning of the Great Patriotic War and continued after its end.
Subway crosses all 10 districts of the city; it has 3 lines, 2 surface crossing of the Dnieper River, 46 stations, 6 of which are located above the ground. The deepest station of Kiev Subway is "Arsenal". The total length of the way is 60 kilometers.
A distinctive feature of the Kiev subway is the fact that the diameter of the underground tunnel in Kiev is larger than in other subways in Western Europe. Due to this fact, in Kiev subway there are used large trains, which, respectively, are more spacious, and the very project of the subway facilitates the operation and maintenance of underground tunnels.
The subways of the former Soviet Union, as well as Kiev one, singled out with different images of patriotic nature. Later, with the restructuring of the underground, these images were changed gradually and nowadays the subway stations are tiled, the station names are written with golden letters, each station has the clock showing current time and the time after the departure of trains. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the proclamation of Independence of Ukraine, some stations have been renamed.
In Kiev Subway there are three subway lines: Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska, Kurenivsko-Chervonoarmiyska and Syretsko-Pecherska, the first of which is considered to be the most loaded, and the second one has no ground station. Crossing stations, interconnected with tunnels, are: "Maidan Nezalezhnosti" - "Khreshchatyk", "Palace of Sports" - "Leo Tolstoy Square", “Teatralna" - "Golden Gates".