Monument to great Ukrainian political leader Bohdan Khmelnitsky is located on the Sofia Square and is one of the symbols of Kiev and monument of culture and architecture of the XIX century.
The history of the monument is very interesting and unusual: the original project was modified due to the lack of funds for the completion of construction and the fear of the anti-Polish and anti-Semitic nature of the monument - it was assumed that the horse of Bogdan Khmelnitsky will push the Polish gentleman and the Jewish tenant from the rock. The pedestal of the monument is a beautiful barrow in the steppe, which was completed a year after the monument itself was brought to Kiev.
According to Kiev legend, monument originally stood with his back to St. Michael Golden-Domed Cathedral, and mace, held by the hetman Bohdan Khmelnitsky in hand, was raised threateningly toward Poland. However, due to such kind of disrespect to the sacred place it was decided to move off the monument, and in this situation it remains to this day.
The very figure of the Hetman and the image of his horse can truly be called works of art. Face of Bogdan Khmelnitsky has the imprint of strong-willed and determined man, every feature of his face is designed to trifles and artfully presented in metal products. The horse, so easily tamed, singles out with the different lines of elegance and grace.