According to legend, a monument to Cossack Kharko was built in honor of the founder of the city of Kharkov. The sculpture was installed in the middle of the roadway at the beginning of the Lenin Avenue in August 2004. The monument depicts a Cossack with a spear seating astride a horse.
Before the opening of the monument Kharkov citizens tried to guess in what direction will the monument be turned – toward the Derzhprom building with the Regional Administration Offices, or towards the city. Finally, the monument was located facing the Derzhprom.
This bronze statue was presented to Kharkov citizens by the famous Russian sculptor Zurab Tsereteli. The official name of the monument is "To the founders of Kharkov in honor of the 350th Anniversary of the City." On the 7-meter pedestal there is a statue of the Cossack seated astride a horse. Precisely-built horse features gigantomania, which is inherent to Zurab Tsereteli.
The 7-meter bronze statue of the Cossack Kharko weighs 12 tonn. According to Tsereteli, he spent 6 months on the sculpture that is so important for the citizens of Kharkov.
The Cossack Kharko is the third horse sculpture by Tsereteli. It symbolizes the unity of Russia and Ukraine, as well as Ukrainian freedom-loving spirit.