The most important historical museum of Ukraine is located in Kiev on the Starokyivska Hora (Old Kiev Hill). The museum was opened in 1944. The building was constructed owing to the Kiev progressive intellectuals headed by the architects Horodetskyi and Boitsov. In 1950, the museum was given a new name "Kiev State Historical Museum."
At that time, everyone could become a pioneer in that building. Many foreign visitors came there on tour. In 1952-1953, the building was reconstructed, the roof was redesigned and clear glass blocks over the art school were replaced with a new, more colorful and bright.
In 1965, the museum was given a new name "The State Historical Museum of the Ukrainian SSR." In 1991, the museum acquired the National status and since that time it has become "The National Museum of History of Ukraine". The local name is "Historical Museum".
This museum is one of the largest in Ukraine due to the number of different collections and exhibits. There are more than 800,000 unique monuments of culture and history. The museum has unique collections of numismatics, archeology, firearms and weapons, ethnography, porcelain and glass. There are more than 10,000 artifacts in the collection of drawing, painting and sculpture. In addition, there are rare documents of the XV-XXI centuries, Cossack attributes, certificates, letters of the Hetmans and Cossack officers.
The museum includes an exhibition of the Kiev Art Glass Plant (over 4 000 exhibits). The plant was closed in 2008, and the remaining exclusive products were delivered for storage in the Museum of History of Ukraine.