The National Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 is the memorial complex, which is located in Kiev on the right bank of the Dnieper on the outskirts of Pechersk. Museum of the Great Patriotic War was opened on 9 May 1981, the ceremony was attended by Secretary-General Leonid Brezhnev.
The complex is known with its monument, Mother-Motherland, which is one of the most recognizable symbols of Kiev. It is more than 100 meters tall and weighing 450 tons. The pedestal is a museum, which houses the Hall of Military Glory. There is the exhibition that tells about the heroic battles of Soviet soldiers against the Nazi invaders. On pylons there are the names of Heroes of Soviet union and Socialist Labor, in the center of the hall there is the Order of Victory, with the diameter of 5 meters.
The sculpture of Mother-Motherland was the largest in the former Soviet Union at the time of construction. According to calculations, it should stand for at least half century, and even withstand the earthquake in 9 points.
In addition to the monument of Mother-Motherland, in the Memorial Complex there is a bowl of the Eternal Fire, the exhibition of technology of World War II and the postwar period, alley of hero cities. The front alley leads to the Gallery of the main entrance and the museum building.
National Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 annually attracts many tourists from all over the world. According to some data, it was attended by more than 21 million people since opening. In early 2010 the museum received a new exhibit - the unread messages of 1941, taken away by the Nazis from Kamenets-Podolsk and before that time were kept in museums in Vienna. Currently, some of the letters reached the addressees late in almost 70 years.