The Monument to Taras Grigorievich Shevchenko, perpetuates the name of the great Ukrainian poet, writer, painter, thinker and kobzar. The monument is located in the city centre in the Shevchenko Garden in the central alley and is one of the most recognizable symbols of Kharkov.
The monument excels at its majesty and beauty: the whole monument is more than 16 metres and the Shevchenko’s sculpture is 4,5 metres high. The authors of the monument are the Soviet sculptor Matvey Manizer and the Soviet architect Joseph Langbard, who has created the work of art in the style of socialist realism and “Stalin barocco” with a true Soviet interpretation of the Shevchenko’s personality: a revolutionary poet and an ideological fighter for happiness and well-being of common people.
The Monument to T.G. Shevchenko is a multidimensional composition, whose each part is visible separately, but at the same time is perceived as the whole. The Kobzar’s Sculpture is a central figure, standing on a high pedestal. There are 16 statues on a triangular pylon, symboliz-ing the fighting of Soviet people for their rights according to the Soviet propaganda. The unruly and rebellious characters are borrowed from works by T.G. Shevchenko and the group, consist-ing of a collective farmer, a Red Army man, a miner and a woman, personifies the Soviet contemporaneity.
The solemn opening of the Shevchenko Monument took place on March 24th, 1935, nine months later after cancelling the status of Kharkov as the capital of the former USSR (Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic).