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Autonomous Republic of Crimea

Embankment of YaltaAutonomous Republic of Crimea, ARC - an administrative unit of Ukraine, located in the greater part of the peninsula of Crimea.  
 
The structure of the ARC does not include the south-west of the peninsula, which belongs to Sevastopol city council and is unit of national submission, and the northern half of Arabatskaya spit, which is a part of the Kherson region.  
 
Balaklava bay. CrimeaOctober 18, 1921 on part of Tauride province there was formed Crimean ASSR. June 30, 1945 it was transformed into the Crimean region of the RSFSR. In 1948, the city of Sevastopol became a status of the city of republican value. Since 1954 the region belonged the USSR.  
 
February 12, 1991 there was declared the Crimean ASSR of Ukraine, 1992 - Republic of Crimea in Ukraine. Since 1996 - under its current name.  
 
The closest legal sources, which allow to determine the transfer of sovereignty on the territory of Sevastopol (and Crimea) in accordance with international standards of that time are Kuchuk Kaynarca agreement dated 10 July 1774, the Act of Accession of the Crimea and the Kuban region to Russia in 1783 and the Treaty of Jassy between Russia and Fountains in SevastopolTurkey on 29 December 1791.  
 
Feb. 19, 1954 Presidium of Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a decree: "In consideration of the territorial unity and commonality of the USSR economy with the Crimea, to convey the Crimean region of RSFSR to USSR". The Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was not affirmed as required by federal and republican constitutions. 

  1. Ayu-Dag (The Bear-mountain)

    Ayu-Dag (The Bear-mountain)

    Ayu-Dag is called the Bear-mountain because it is looking like a bear that lies in the water. It is located in the South Coast of Crimea near Gurzuf. Ayu-Dag is good seen on the way from Yalta to Alushta. The name Ayu means in Tatar a Bear. This word is

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  2. Gurzuf. Sea, rocks and subtropical flora

    Gurzuf. Sea, rocks and subtropical flora

    The settlement Gurzuf is situated on the southern coast of Crimea in the small cosy valley between cities Yalta and Alushta. From the east the valley is cut down by mountain Ayu-Dag, from the west – by the Nikitskij slope, from the north – by

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  3. Swallow’s Nest. The castle of love in Crimea

    Swallow’s Nest. The castle of love in Crimea

    Swallow’s Nest is a small castle located in Crimea near Yalta. It stands on Avrorianska rock over the sea abyss. Swallow’s Nest in its present form was built in 1912 according to the project of A. Shervud the sun of well known architect V.Sher

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  4. Yalta the most famous resort of Ukraine

    Yalta the most famous resort of Ukraine

    If you want to have wonderful vacations you should go to Yalta the most famous resort of Ukraine. It is located on the south cost of Crimea. In the 19th century, the town became a fashionable resort for the Russian aristocracy and gentry. During the 20th

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  5. The Main Wines of the Crimea

    The Main Wines of the Crimea

    The main indicator for the wine tourism is the uniqueness of the local wine. In this sense, the Crimea has much to attract tourists, and prices of Crimean wines, like the French ones, already take into account the uniqueness of places of production and

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  6. Picture Gallery of Ivan Aivazovsky

    Picture Gallery of Ivan Aivazovsky

    National Picture Gallery of Ivan Aivazovsky is the best and the world's largest collection of paintings and graphic of artist and marine painter Ivan Aivazovsky, his students, as well as Russian and Western European masters of painting  close to him

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  7. Rest in Alushta

    Rest in Alushta

    Rest in Alushta is magnificent sandy and pebbly beaches of the Black Sea coast. In the beach area there are the fascinating boat trips, water rides and many other beach fun, here are organized tours to all corners of Crimea.Central street in Alushta is a

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  8. Feodosia

    Feodosia

    Feodosia is over 2500 years old. At the crossroad of times and cultures, the city offers Armenian churches, fortress walls, Muslim mosques and the Black Sea. Feodosia was founded by ancient Greeks in the middle of the 6th century under the name of Cafa.St

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  9. Nikitsky Botanic Garden. Wonderful sight of the Crimea

    Nikitsky Botanic Garden. Wonderful sight of the Crimea

    Nikitsky Botanic Garden is one of the most prominent sights of the South Coast of Crimea. It is located close to Yalta, by the shores of the Black Sea.  Here you can visit either Livanian cedar forest or Caucasian brushwood or bamboo forests of

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  10. The Mystery of the Balaklava Bay

    The Mystery of the Balaklava Bay

    The Balaklava Bay is located in South Coast of the Crimea near Sevastopol. The Balaklava Bay was formed in result of tectonic processes and the descending of the bottom of the south edge of Balaklava valley in the epoch of alpine mountain formation. The

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  11. Marble Cave in Crimea

    Marble Cave in Crimea

    Marble Cave is located seven kilometers from Alushta in Crimea, on the plateau of Chartyr Dag at an altitude of 1000 meters above sea level. Marble Cave is formed of marble limestone. It had been creating for hundreds thousands years. This is a true

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  12. Chersonesos Taurica (Khersones) in Crimea

    Chersonesos Taurica (Khersones) in Crimea

    Chersonesos Taurica (Khersones) is a city founded by Greek colonists, more than two and a half thousand years ago in south-western Crimea. At the moment, its ruins are among the most outstanding sights of Sevastopol.The word "Chersonese" is usually

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  13. KaZantip 2011 in Ukraine (Z’19)

    KaZantip 2011 in Ukraine (Z’19)

    KaZantip 19 (Z:19) in Ukraine from the 30th July to the 27th August 2011 31.07 – 1.08: New Year6.08 – 7.08: official opening 20.08 – 21.08: official closing 21.08: a week on the Mars territory for the Great Folk of KaZantip Prices

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  14. Ukrainian resort Koktebel (Crimea)

    Ukrainian resort Koktebel (Crimea)

    Koktebel (from Turkic means "land of blue tops") is a small town between the town of Feodosia and Kurortniy. The founder of the local resort was the doctor-ophthalmologist Professor Z. Junge. He bought the land Koktebel Valley, and wanted to turn it into

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  15. Kara-Dag Nature Reserve

    Kara-Dag Nature Reserve

    Kara-Dag (Black Mountain) is the main treasure of Koktebel. It is an ancient extinct volcano, which functioned 120-160 million years ago. Its mountain ranges and peaks bear Turkic names: Khoba Tepe (Top with caves), Syuryu-Kai (Spicy rock), gorge Gyaur-Ba

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  16. Koktebel Beaches

    Koktebel Beaches

    The central beach of Koktebel is very clean – at first there are large pebbles, and the sand is farther. Of living creatures here are hermit crabs. The bay is pierced by a bisecting-mole pier, from which people jump into the water. The water is

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  17. Emine-Bair-Khosar is one of the most beautiful caves in Europe

    Emine-Bair-Khosar is one of the most beautiful caves in Europe

    Emine-Bair-Khosar is located in Crimea 15 km from the village of Zarechnoye in the territory of the Crimean Natural Reserve (Ukraine) on the north side of Mount Chatyr Dag on the lower plateau at an altitude of 1000 meters and is one of the most

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  18. Mount Mithridates in Kerch

    Mount Mithridates in Kerch

    Above the center of present-day Kerch rises Mount Mithridates.Ascent to the mountain is a good tradition for every tourist and local residents who have returned home. From the observation platform of Mount Mithridates stretches the amazing panorama of

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  19. Ghost Valley in the Crimea

    Ghost Valley in the Crimea

    The valley of ghosts is one of the most mystical and mysterious places on the map of the Crimean Autonomous Republic. Located on the top of the Demerdzhi mountain valley, which means "blacksmith" (from turc language). The gore got this name at a time

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  20. Evpatoriya resort in the Crimea

    Evpatoriya resort in the Crimea

    Evpatoriya resort town has a rich ethnic history. The ancient city was founded by the Greeks in IV BC, and in the XV century, was already a major trading center. For a long time in the city lived the Turks and Crimean Tatars, and made a corresponding

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  21. Alupka. Crimea

    Alupka. Crimea

    Alupka in 2011 was considered as the best city on the Crimean coast. This is the city a little further Simeiz. Despite the apparent complexity of intertwining streets, it is easy to navigate the city. Originally Alupka was a small mountain village, which

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  22. The Bosporan Kingdom

    The Bosporan Kingdom

    The Bosporan Kingdom (the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) existed in ancient times on the northern coast of the Black Sea (present territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea). The capital of the state was Pantikopey. The state was created in the

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  23. Greek Colonies on the territory of Ukraine

    Greek Colonies on the territory of Ukraine

    The first Greek Colonies emerged in the Crimea during the migrations in 6th century BC, when authentic residents of mainland Greece, in view of the growing deficit area, began actively to settle along the Black and Mediterranean seas. The north coast

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  24. Livadia Palace in Crimea

    Livadia Palace in Crimea

    Livadia Palace in Crimea is the creation of the famous architect and gardener Eshlimana Demingera. The palace was built in the 18th century from the Inkerman stone for the Polish landowner L Potocki. Livadia Palace is located not far (3km) from Yalta.

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  25. Vorontsov Palace in the Crimea

    Vorontsov Palace in the Crimea

    Vorontsov Palace is one of the most striking sights of the Crimea. The palace was built in Alupka and designed by renowned British architect Edward Blore, who served at the court of King George 4. The architect became known for his work on the plan of

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  26. Panticapaeum - the capital of the Bosporan Kingdom

    Panticapaeum - the capital of the Bosporan Kingdom

    Panticapaeum means "the fish way". Panticapaeum was one of the first Greek cities - colonies. It was the capital of the Bosporan Kingdom, at all times, from inception to destruction of the kingdom. The city grew and developed together with the Bosporan

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  27. Arabat spit

    Arabat spit

    Arabat spit is a unique natural reserve of more than a hundred kilometers long. The spit got its name from the Turkish fortress ("Rabat" in Arabic means a military post) that was built in the area. The part of the land that is named the spit is

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  28. Grand Canyon of the Crimea

    Grand Canyon of the Crimea

    In the Crimean Mountains, 5 km southeast of the village of Sokolinoye in the Bakhchisaray district located the largest canyon in Ukraine – the Grand Canyon, which is part of the Ai-Petri array. Sometime in the past near Ai-Petri volcanoes were

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  29. Assumption Cave Monastery in Bakhchisarai

    Assumption Cave Monastery in Bakhchisarai

    Assumption Cave Monastery in Bakhchisarai is a unique monument of orthodoxy. Bakhchisaray is a city where different people, different nationalities and, accordingly, the monuments of different cultures coexist. Not far from the Khan's palace, in the

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  30. Inkerman Cave Monastery of St. Clement

    Inkerman Cave Monastery of St. Clement

    Traveling to the Crimea, it is necessary to visit the Inkerman Cave Monastery of St. Clement (Inkerman Monastery), which is located in Sevastopol suburb. In spite of trite expression, it is really unique. First of all for its unusual atmosphere, in

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  31. Massandra winery. Yalta

    Massandra winery. Yalta

    Massandra village is located on the southern coast of the Crimea. Here is located Alexander III Massandra Palace Museum and no less famous winery "Massandra". Massandra village (wich is located not far from Yalta) became famous as a center of

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  32. St .George's Monastery on Fiolent Cape

    St .George's Monastery on Fiolent Cape

    Back in 891 a terrible storm broke out the coast of Cape Fiolent (Autonomous Republic of Crimea, ARC). Greek sailors felt their swift destruction, began to pray to St. George. At the same moment they saw the holiest on the nearest rock. Having climbed up

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  33. Karaite Kenesa in Evpatoria

    Karaite Kenesa in Evpatoria

    Among the peoples who inhabit the Crimea today, are the Karaites. There are no greater than 2000 Karaites in the world. The history of this people is intricate and full of persecutions, prosperity and almost complete decline. Fortunately, the

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  34. Fortress Calamita

    Fortress Calamita

    The Principality of Theodoro (a small principality in the south-west of Crimea from the 13th through 15th centuries). Fortress Calamita was one of the major defense facilities. It was situated on the east bank of the Chornaya River on the plateau of the

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  35. Foros Church

    Foros Church

    A small resort town Foros is situated on the Southern coast of Crimea. Today, many tourists come in Foros not only to enjoy the warm water of the Black Sea. On the high mountain above the village there is the Foros Church of the Resurrection of Christ.

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  36. Cufut Qale Cave City

    Cufut Qale Cave City

    Cufut Qale (Chufut Kale) – is one of the cave cities of Crimea, situated near Bakhchisaray. You can get there by going through the Holy Dormition Monastery. In the Crimean Tatar language the name of the cave means a Jewish fortress. The Karaites

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  37. The Crimean War of 1853-1855 and its significance for the history

    The Crimean War of 1853-1855 and its significance for the history

    We often hear that our lives should be our biggest value and that keeping the world in peace, calm state and make sure people understand each other well should be the primary objective for every citizen of our planet. Unfortunately, the history shows

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  38. The cave city of Eski-Kermen

    The cave city of Eski-Kermen

    Eski-Kermen is one of the most unique sights in Crimea and the biggest cave city out there. The name is translated as the “Old fortress”. The mountain that Eski-Kermen lies on is not too tall, being 300 meters above the sea level, but it

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  39. Rest in Kerch

    Rest in Kerch

    We have been all brought up in the tradition that can be described in an old proverb: “No pains, no gains”. However, this doesn’t mean we have to spend all days long working. If you work too hard, you will not achieve the best results,

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  40. Khan Palace in Bakhchisaray

    Khan Palace in Bakhchisaray

    Khan Palace that is located in Bakhchisaray is very different from other palaces situated in Crimea. Every detail here is breathing the spirit of Crimean khan era and the spirit of people who used to reign in this area. Bakhchisaray palace stands on

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  41. Healing lake in Saky

    Healing lake in Saky

    Saky saline lake is a giant natural lab for preparing healing mud. It has the area of 8 square kilometers. Usually lakes of this size are known to the locals, but Saky lake is famous far beyond Ukrainian borders for its healing power that has been

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  42. Juma-Jami mosque in Evpatoriya

    Juma-Jami mosque in Evpatoriya

    Juma-Jami (Khan Jami) mosque in Evpatoriya is a place surrounded by legends. One of them tells that it was constructed during one night by Seid-Bakli Efendi. The other tells about Men-Arslan, the joker and artist who worked with Mengli-Girey, and the

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  43. Syurenskaya fortress

    Syurenskaya fortress

    On the bank of Belbek, in Maloe Sadovoe village there is a narrow cape with steep slopes. It is the Tower cape, or Kulle-Burun, and above it stands the Syurenskaya fortress. Earlier the fortress was used as a feudal castle for the owner of the

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  44. Mermaid sculpture in Mishor beach

    Mermaid sculpture in Mishor beach

    Not far from the central beach of Mishor, right in the sea, there is a bronze sculpture of a woman who is rising from the waves while holding a baby and resting her hand on a rock. She looks in the direction of the beach. The sculpture is known as Mishor

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  45. Mellas Palace in the Crimea

    Mellas Palace in the Crimea

    One of the attractions of the Southern Coast of the Crimea is Mellas Palace in Sanatorny village. This beautiful palace was built for Earl L. Perovksy, a Russian historical figure who took part in the War of 1812. The building of Mellas Palace was

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  46. Romantic Alexandria Palace in Gaspra

    Romantic Alexandria Palace in Gaspra

    2 kilometers from Yalta, in Gaspra village, there is a palace called Romantic Alexandria. This Gothic style building was constructed in 1836 and was designed by F. Elson. The palace looks like a gloomy yet impressive building with two towers on the

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  47. Shuldan cave monastery

    Shuldan cave monastery

    The monastery with the name that means “resonating” is situated in the cliffs of Shuldan rock overhanging the valley. The monastery complex consists of 20 premises: two of them are cave churches, and the others are additional facilities

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  48. Cape Tarhankut

    Cape Tarhankut

    Tarhankut is a virgin cape in the west of the Crimean peninsula. The local landscapes are marvelous with the eternal, clear sea, mysterious caves, a tunnel, caves, arches, an antique anchor laying on the bottom, rich underwater world, boulders, and high

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  49. Ai-Todor Palace in Gaspra

    Ai-Todor Palace in Gaspra

    Not far from Cape Ai-Todor in Gaspra village there is an estate called Ai-Todor that used to belong to Prince Mikhail Romanov, the brother of Alexander II. The Prince purchased the estate in 1869 for his wife. The estate occupied 70 acres of area and

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  50. Aluston fortress in Alushta

    Aluston fortress in Alushta

    Aluston fortress can be rightfully considered the main attraction of Alushta. This defensive construction was built there back in the VI century. It was constructed by architects from Byzantium following an order by Justinian I. The city was thoroughly

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  51. Mangup Citadel

    Mangup Citadel

    Mangup is not only a mountain, but also a remaining site of a medieval city and a source for archaeological discoveries. It seems like nature itself created this place for people to live in. There is a mountain with a big flat plateau on top, ravines and

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  52. Ai-Petri cableway

    Ai-Petri cableway

    You can observe beautiful scenery of the Southern Coast of the Crimea from a 1 kilometer height by traveling on the famous cableway. During 15 minutes of your trip you travel to 1152 meters. The cableway stretches from Mishor village to Ai-Petri mountain

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  53. Surb Khach monastery

    Surb Khach monastery

    The old monastery of Surb Khach is a medieval Armenian church. Earlier it used to serve as the main religious building not only for Armenians who lived in the Crimea, but also for people from all over the Northern Black Sea region. Surb Khach was

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  54. Kichkine Palace in Gaspra

    Kichkine Palace in Gaspra

    Kichkine Palace lies in amazing green surroundings, in a picturesque location near the old Mishor, breathing the juniper scent. During the 100 years of its existence this “Tiny Palace”, which translates as Kichkine to Turkish, had to witness

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  55. Yusupov Palace in Koreiz

    Yusupov Palace in Koreiz

    Yusupov Palace, which is located in Koreiz, is certainly the most mysterious palace and park complex in the Crimea. Its whole history of existence is surrounded by mysteries that are still not resolved. We know that Stalin and his close partners stayed

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  56. Cape Meganom

    Cape Meganom

    Cape Meganom is considered to be one of the greatest Crimean mysteries. Ancient Greeks believed Meganom was an entrance to Hades, the realm of the dead. Giant House, which is what Meganom is translated as from Greek, is at the same time a cape and a

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  57. Yeni-Kale fortress

    Yeni-Kale fortress

    The Turkish fortress of Yeni-Kale is one of the most famous architecture fortification monuments in Kerch. The fortress was constructed in early XVIII century. The name of the fort translates from Turkish as the New Fortress. It was built to protect

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  58. Stone Mushrooms of Sotera River Valley

    Stone Mushrooms of Sotera River Valley

    The valley of Sotera river seems not very remarkable at the first sight. However, it is in fact extraordinary and quite attractive for tourists. Remnants of ancient mammoths have been found there, and the river is populated with crabs. Geologists come

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  59. Villa Mechta in Simeiz

    Villa Mechta in Simeiz

    Villa Mechta, one of attractions in Simeiz, was being built for quite a while: the construction was completed only in the 1920s. The author of the project remained anonymous; however, historians presume it could be architect Nikolay Krasnov who designed

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  60. Unfinished nuclear power plant in Shchelkino

    Unfinished nuclear power plant in Shchelkino

    Crimean nuclear power plant is an unfinished object that is situated in the outskirts of Shchelkino on the bank of Aktashskoye reservoir. This saltwater reservoir was going to be used as a coolant. The project started to be developed in 1968. In 1975

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