Lugansk region was formed on June, 3 1938. Its area is 26.7 thousand square km (4.4% of Ukraine). The population is 2673.8 thousand people (5.3% of Ukraine's population), including urban population - 2309.1 thousand people (86.4%), rural - 364.7 thousand people (13.6%). The population density is 100.1 persons per 1 square km.
The administrative-territorial structure: 18 districts, 37 cities, including 14 of regional and 23 of district subordination, 109 towns and 792 villages. The administrative center is the city of Lugansk, which was established in 1795, the status of a town received in 1882. In the city dwell 471.6 thousand people.
At the end of XVII century on the territory of modern Lugansk region there started a coal mining near Lisichansk. In order to unite coal basins into one whole, in February 1919 there was formed Donetsk Province with the center in the city of Lugansk, which on June 3, 1938 was divided into Stalin and Voroshilovgrad provinces. In 1958 the region was renamed into Lugansk. So it was called until 1970, when it was again renamed in Voroshilovgrad.
The leading role in the economy of the region belongs to industry, which produces about two-thirds of the gross social product. In the economic sector of Ukraine Lugansk region is singled out by the scale of coal mining, availability of facilities for primary oil refining, production of machine tools, soda ash, synthetic resins and plastics, sheet glass, container board.
The agriculture of the region specializes in the production of grain and oil crops, vegetable growing and livestock are also developed.
The main attractions of the region are the memorial museum of Voroshilov, the museum of the Russian writer and ethnographer Dahl, who was born in Lugansk, the museum "Molodaya Gvardiya" (Young Guard) in Krasnodon, as well as one of the oldest cities in Ukraine Belovodsk, pride and glory of which - Trinity cathedral, one of the best in Ukraine. Total number of monuments of history and culture is 6744.
Lugansk has 87 territories and objects of natural reserve fund, monuments of nature - a complex Aydar terrace and Congress ravine, memorials of landscape art – Ostraya Mogila (sharp grave) and Friendship, and others. The most interesting monuments of nature are Baranyi Lby (Sheep’s Foreheads) in Novoaydar - unique chalk cliffs up to 50 meters, the monument of nature - Royal rocks - rock formations up to 100 meters.
In 2008 there were held the large-scale events to mark the 70 anniversary of the Lugansk region. September 19, 2008 the celebration was attended by President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko, who noted the strong economic potential of the region, which today produces almost 10% of industrial production in Ukraine. Separately, he marked the importance of this region in such areas as coal mining, metallurgy, agriculture.
Main attractions: the memorial museum of Voroshilov, the museum of the Russian writer and ethnographer Dahl, who was born in Lugansk, as well as one of the oldest cities in Ukraine Belovodsk, pride and glory of which - Trinity cathedral, built by skillful masters and is one of the best architectural monuments in Ukraine of XIX century.