Ternopol region was founded on Dec. 4, 1939. Its area is 13.8 thousand square km. The population is 1163.9 thousand people, including urban - 512.3 thousand people, rural - 651.6 thousand people.
The region is located in the western part of Ukraine. In the north it borders on the Rivne region, in the north-west and west - on Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions, in the south - on Chernovtsy region and in the east – on Khmelnitsky region. The region's territory extends from west to east for 100 km and from north to south is twice more.
The administrative center - the city of Ternopol – is first mentioned in 1549.
The region is located on Podillya Upland, eastern part - on the plains of the Small Polesye. On the territory the most common are the forest-steppe landscapes. Throughout the region the most common minerals are marl, tripoli powder, chalk and glauconitic sand.
In the region there is a developed river network. The rivers belong to the Dniester river basin and Pripyat.
The territory of Ternopol region is long populated by people. This is a region of Podillya - old, known since the XIV century, name of the Ukrainian lands, lying in the upper reaches of the Dniester and Southern Bug. After the Galicia-Volhynia in 1349 ceased to exist, there started the struggle between Lithuania, Poland and Hungary for these lands, which from 1382 again became an integral part of the Lithuanian state. After the Union of Lublin, established in 1569, the entire territory of Ternopol region was under Polish rule, since 1772 the most of it was annexed to the Austrian Empire. In 1793 the northern part of Ternopol region, which remained the part of Poland after partition in 1772, were handed over to Russia.
After the revolution in 1917 and in result of the civil war and Polish intervention, it became part of Poland. In 1939, Ternopol region, together with the western Ukraine was reunited with the Ukrainian SSR.
Over the past decade, there is observed the population decline, although at a slower pace than the national average. The main reason of the decline is a natural population decline, which is quite high compared to other western regions of Ukraine.
The age structure of the population singles out with higher proportion of younger and older age groups, compared with the average Ukrainian figures, while the share of working-age population is less.
Ternopol region is the region where Catholicism prevails, especially in the Greco-Catholic form. Among the Orthodox churches dominate Ukrainian Autocephalous Church and the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kiev Patriarchate.
Ternopol region is one of the least urbanized regions in Ukraine. All cities in the region, except for the regional center, belong to the category of small cities, six cities do not reach the minimum criterion of population size: Zborov, Monastyryska, Kopychyntsi, Khorostkiv, Podgaitsy, Skalat. Only 2 cities of the region - Kremenets and Chortkiv have population of more than 20 thousand people. In the region is clearly expressed the process of centralization of the system of settlement. The most urbanized is Ternopol, growing most rapidly in comparison with other settlements.
Placement of the rural population in the region is unevenly, which is caused by different amount of settlements in the regions and their size. The areas of central and southern parts of the region have the highest density of rural population, much smaller - the western and northern parts.
The basis of the economy of the area is formed by industry and agriculture. In the interregional division of labor industry in the region specializes in production of agricultural machinery, sugar and electrical industries, in agriculture - grain farming and dairy farming.
About 50% of industrial production is accounted for Ternopol and Ternopol region. The first place in the volume of industrial production in the region is held by the food industry. Among the ten largest companies in the region in production volume almost half of the list is occupied by sugar mills. The engineering and metalworking have the second place in the production of marketable products.
The State Historical and Architectural Reserve in Zbarazh (based on the
architectural complex Zbarazh Castle), in Ternopol: Dominican church, the Church of Christ, Elevation of the Cross.
One of the largest cities in the region is Berezhany. It is interested from a cultural point of view. Berezhay area is known as "little Switzerland" for its scenery, as well as the famous fortress of Seniavskie designed by French architect Boplan.
Terra incognita – lat. “unexplored land”. Do you think there are no such lands on the map of Ukraine except Chernobyl? You are wrong. Let me introduce you city Chervonograd (Chervonogorod), vanished from the map. It was located near theRead more...