Kharkov is the former capital of Ukraine, the largest city in Europe and one of Ukrainian Host-cities of Euro-2012. There are so many interesting places to see in this city.
Let’s start our walk with the main street - Sumskaya.
Here is a building with a huge thermometer attached to the wall - it is a favorite meeting place of Kharkov residents. The building is situated near the metro station "History Museum" The height of the thermometer is 16 meters. It was made in 1976 at the Kharkov Institute of Metrology. At night, the thermometer is highlighted.
If you walk down the Sumskaya Street, turn to the Bursatsky Descent and then go to the street railway, you can get to the Book maket. There you can buy rare books and magazines.
Klasychny Lane will take you to the Shevchenko Theatre.
Shevchenko Kharkiv State Academic Ukrainian Drama Theatre is one of the oldest theaters in Ukraine. It was opened in 1841. Today, the repertoire numbers more than 20 performances of both classical and modern drama.
Address: 9, Sumskaya Street.
Passing by the Theater we are on the Sumskaya Street again. Here is the most famous apartment building - the Salamander House.
The massive gray building was built in 1913 as a commercial appartment house of the insurance company "Salamander". It was constructed in the Neo-classical style. There are many arcades, columns and walls decorated with sculptures. Today, the house is inhabitable; most of the apartments are rented as offices. In the yard there is a fountain with salamander.
Address: 17, Sumskaya Street.
After a long walk you can go to the cafe "Gogol-Mogol".
Perhaps, this is the only coffee shop in the world, where for a small fee you can have real Gogol-Mogol. And if you do not know what is it, then you should definitely come and find out!
An average tab per person: 50 UAH.
Address: 21, Sumskaya Street.
After a little rest, let’s walk down the Sumskaya Street to the Opera House.
The Kharkov Academic Opera and Ballet Theater is one of the oldest musical theaters in Ukraine that keeps the best traditions of Ukrainian, Russian and world culture. The history of musical theater in Kharkov goes
back to 1780. Near the theater there is a beautiful Park Pobedy (Victory Park) with the Fountain Zerkalnaya Struya (Mirror Stream).
The price of a ticket to the Opera House - from 15 to 50 UAH.
Address: 25, Sumskaya Street.
Not far away from the Opera House there is a Monument to Taras Shevchenko.
The monument is located in the center of Kharkov - in the garden named after Taras Shevchenko. The total height of the monument is over 16 meters, the height of the statue of Taras Shevchenko - 4.5 meters. The monument was opened in 1935. Today, it is one of the city symbols of Kharkov.
Address: Sumskaya Street.
If you love football more then drama, you can take a picture by the Monument to the Ball.
The Monument to the soccer ball - the largest in the world - was opened in 2001, in the 10th Anniversary of Ukrainian independence. The monument was opened by legendary player of Kiev "Dynamo" and the team of the USSR Oleg Blokhin who has scored his 200th goal in the Union championships in the first capital of Ukraine - Kharkov. The Monument with a diameter of five feet and a weight over two tons was installed in the Shevchenko city park where the local soccer fans traditionally get together in the Alley of Sport Fame. After the symbolic Blokhin’s signature on the ball, many visitors still follow his example and also sign the ball. Monument was sketched completely and then washed again several times.
We continue our walking tour to the largest in Europe Freedom Square (Ploshcha Svobody).
A lot of exhibitions, fairs, concerts and military parades are often held there. In the XIX - early XX centuries, the territory belonged to the University. The clinics and academic buildings of the medical school were located there. Before the revolution there was a small Veterinary Square (Veterinarna Ploshcha) named in honor of the Veterinary Institute. Generally saying, it was a wasteland. Only after Kharkov became the capital of Ukraine it was decided to create a new urban center of the capital level. Nowadays, there are several buildings around the Square - Gosprom – the House of the State Industry - a unique monument of Soviet constructivism built in 1926-1928, the Karazin Kharkov National University, the building of the Kharkov Regional Administration. The total area of the Square is 9.11 hectares.